Animals

Living-Creatures

Notice: Some of these word forms are not contemporary!

XIX.

Living-Creatures: and First, Birds.

Animalia: & primum, Aves

Chapter 19

A living Creature liveth,
perceiveth, moveth it self;
is born, dieth,
is nourished, and groweth:
standeth, or sitteth,
or lieth, or goeth.
Animal vivit,
sentit, movet se;
nascitur, moritur,
nutritur, & crescit;
stat, aut sedet,
aut cubat, aut graditur.
25 A Bird,
(here the King’s Fisher, 1.*
making her nest in the Sea.)
is covered with Feathers, 2.
flyeth with Wings, 3.
hath two Pinions, 4.
as many Feet, 5.
a Tail, 6.
and a Bill, 7.
Avis,
(hic Halcyon, 1.
in mari nidulans.)
tegitur Plumis, 2.
volat Pennis, 3.
habet duas Alas, 4.
totidem Pedes, 5.
Caudam, 6.
& Rostrum, 7.
The Shee, 8.
layeth Eggs, 10.
in a nest, 9.
and sitting upon them,
hatcheth young ones, 11.
Fæmella, 8.
ponit Ova, 10.
in nido, 9.
et incubans iis,
excludit Pullos, 11.
An Egg is cover’d
with a Shell, 12.
under which is
the White, 13.
in this the Yolk, 14.
Ovum tegitur
testa, 12.
sub qua est
Albumen, 13.
in hoc Vitellus, 14.

XX.

Tame Fowls.

Aves Domesticæ.

Chapter 20

The Cock, 1. (which
croweth in the Morning.)
26 hath a Comb, 2.
and Spurs, 3.
being gelded, he is called
a Capon, and is crammed
in a Coop, 4.
Gallus, 1. (qui
cantat mane.)
habet Cristam, 2.
& Calcaria, 3.
castratus dicitur
Capo & saginatur
in Ornithotrophico, 4.
A Hen, 5.
scrapeth the Dunghil,
and picketh up Corns:
as also the Pigeons, 6.
(which are brought up in
a Pigeon-house, 7.)
and the Turkey-cock, 8.
with his Turkey-hen, 9.
Gallina, 5.
ruspatur fimetum,
& colligit grana:
sicut & Columbæ, 6,
(quæ educantur in
Columbario, 7.)
& Gallopavus, 8.
cum sua Meleagride, 9.
The gay Peacock, 10.
prideth in his Feathers.
Formosus Pavo, 10.
superbit pennis.
The Stork, 11.
buildeth her nest
on the top of the House.
Ciconia, 11.
nidificat
in tecto.
The Swallow, 12.
the Sparrow, 13.
the Mag-pie, 14.
the Jackdaw, 15.
and the Bat, 16.
(or Flettermouse)
use to flie about Houses.
Hirundo, 12.
Passer, 13.
Pica, 14.
Monedula, 15.
& Vespertilio, 16.
(Mus alatus)
volitant circa Domus.

27

XXI.

Singing-Birds.

Oscines.

Chapter 21

The Nightingal, 1.
singeth the sweetlyest of all.
Luscinia (Philomela), 1.
cantat suavissime omnium.
The Lark, 2. singeth
as she flyeth in the Air.
Alauda, 2. cantillat
volitans in aere;
The Quail, 3.
sitting on the ground;
Coturnix, 3.
sedens humi;
others on the boughs of trees, 4.
as the Canary-bird,
the Chaffinch,
the Goldfinch,
the Siskin,
the Linnet,
the little Titmouse,
the Wood-wall,
the Robin-red-breast,
the Hedge-sparrow, &c.
Cæteræ, in ramis arborum, 4.
ut Luteola peregrina
Fringilla,
Carduelis,
Acanthis,
Linaria,
parvus Parus,
Galgulus,
Rubecula,
Curruca, &c.
The party colour’d Parret, 5.
the Black-bird, 6.
the Stare, 7.
with the Mag-pie
and the Jay, learn
28 to frame men’s words.
Discolor Psittacus, 5.
Merula, 6.
Sturnus, 7.
cum Pica,
& Monedula, discunt
humanas voces formare   
A great many are wont
to be shut in Cages, 8.
Pleræque solent
includi Caveis, 8.

XXII.

Birds that haunt the Fields and Woods.

Aves Campestres & Sylvestres

Chapter 22

The Ostrich, 1.
is the greatest Bird.
Struthio, 1.
ales est maximus.
The Wren, 2.
is the least.
Regulus, 2. (Trochilus)
minimus.
The Owl, 3.
is the most despicable.
Noctua, 3.
despicatissimus.
The Whoopoo, 4.
is the most nasty,
for it eateth dung.
Upupa, 4.
sordidissimus,
vescitur enim stercoribus.
The Bird of Paradise, 5.
is very rare.
Manucodiata, 5.
rarissimus.
The Pheasant, 6.
the Bustard, 7.
29 the deaf wild Peacock, 8.
the Moor-hen, 9.
the Partrige, 10.
the Woodcock, 11.
and the Thrush, 12.
are counted Dainties.
Phasianus, 6.
Tarda (Otis), 7.
surdus, Tetrao, 8.
Attagen, 9.
Perdix, 10.
Gallinago (Rusticola), 11.
& Turdus, 12,
habentur in deliciis.
Among the rest,
the best are,
the watchful Crane, 13.
the mournful Turtle, 14.
the Cuckow, 15.
the Stock-dove,
the Speight,
the Jay,
the Crow, &c., 16.
Inter reliquas,
potissimæ sunt,
Grus 13. pervigil.
Turtur, 14. gemens.
Cuculus, 15.
Palumbes,
Picus,
Garrulus,
Cornix, &c., 16.

XXIII.

Ravenous Birds.

Aves Rapaces.

Chapter 23

The Eagle, 1.
the King of Birds
looketh upon the Sun
Aquila, 1.
Rex Avium,
intuetur Solem.
The Vulture, 2.
and the Raven, 3.
30 feed upon Carrion.
Vultur, 2.
& Corvus, 3.
pascuntur morticinis,
[cadaveribus.]
The Kite, 4. pursueth
Chickens.
Milvus, 4. insectatur
pullos gallinaceos.
The Falcon, 5.
the Hobbie, 6.
and the Hawk, 7.
catch at little Birds.
Falco, 5,
Nisus, 6.
& Accipiter, 7.
captant aviculas.
The Gerfalcon, 8. catcheth
Pigeons and greater Birds.
Astur, 8. captat
columbas & aves majores.

XXIV.

Water-Fowl.

Aves Aquaticæ.

Chapter 24

The white Swan, 1.
the Goose, 2.
and the Duck, 3.
swim up and down.
Oler, 1. candidus,
Anser, 2.
& Anas, 3.
natant.
The Cormorant, 4
diveth.
Mergus, 4.
se mergit.
Add to these the water-hen,
and the Pelican, &c., 10.
Adde his Fulicam,
Pelecanum, &c., 10.
31 The Osprey, 5.
and the Sea-mew, 6.
flying downwards
use to catch Fish,
but the Heron, 7.
standing on the Banks.
Haliæetus, 5.
& Gavia, 6.
devolantes,
captant pisces,
sed Ardea, 7.
stans in ripis.
The Bittern, 8. putteth
his Bill in the water, and
belloweth like an Ox.
Butio, 8. inferit
rostrum aquæ, &
mugit ut bos.
The Water-wagtail, 9.
waggeth the tail.
Motacilla, 9.
motat caudam.

XXV.

Flying Vermin.

Insecta volantia.

Chapter 25

The Bee, 1. maketh honey
which the Drone, 2. devoureth.
Apis, 1. facit mel
quod Fucus, 2. depascit   
The Wasp, 3.
and the Hornet, 4.
molest with a sting;
and the Gad-Bee
(or Breese), 5.
especially Cattel;
32 but the Fly, 6.
and the Gnat, 7. us.
Vespa, 3.
& Crabro, 4.
infestant oculeo;
& Oestrum
(Asilus), 5.
imprimis pecus
autem Musca, 6.
& Culex, 7. nos.
The Cricket, 8. singeth. Gryllus, 8. cantillat.
The Butterfly, 9. is a
winged Caterpillar.
Papillio, 9. est
alata Eruca.
The Beetle, 10. covereth
her wings with Cases.
Scarabæus, 10. tegit
alas vaginis.
The Glow-worm, 11.
shineth by night.
Cicindela [Lampyris], 11.
nitet noctu.

XXVI.

Four-Footed Beasts: and First those about the House.

Quadrupeda: & primum Domestica.

Chapter 26

The Dog, 1.
with the Whelp, 2.
is keeper of the House.
Canis, 1.
cum Catello, 2.
est custos Domûs.
The Cat, 3.
33 riddeth the House
of Mice, 4.
which also
a Mouse-trap, 5. doth.
Felis (Catus) 3.
purgat domum
à Muribus, 4.
quod etiam
Muscipula, 5. facit.
A Squirrel, 6.
The Ape, 7.
and the Monkey, 8.
are kept at home
for delight.
Sciurus, 6.
Simia, 7.
& Cercopithecus, 8.
habentur domi
delectamento.
The Dormouse, 9. and
other greater Mice, 10.
as, the Weesel, the Marten,
and the Ferret,
trouble the House
Glis, 9. &
cæteri Mures majores, 10.
ut, Mustela, Martes,
Viverra,
infestant domum.

XXVII.

Herd-Cattle.

Pecora.

Chapter 27

The Bull, 1. the Cow, 2.
and the Calf, 3.
are covered with hair.
Taurus, 1. Vacca, 2.
& Vitulus, 3.
teguntur pilis.
The Ram, the Weather, 4.
the Ewe, 5. and the Lamb, 6.
bear wool.
Aries, Vervex, 4.
Ovis, 5. cum Agno, 6.
gestant lanam.
34 The He-goat, the Gelt-goat, 7.
with the She-goat, 8.
and Kid, 9. have
shag-hair and beards.
Hircus, Caper, 7.
cum Capra, 8.
& Hædo, 9. habent
Villos & aruncos.
The Hog, the Sow, 10.
and the Pigs, 11.
have bristles,
but not horns;
but also cloven feet
as those others (have.)
Porcus, Scrofa, 10.
cum Porcellis, 11.
habent Setas,
at non Cornua;
sed etiam Ungulas bisulcas
ut illa.

XXVIII.

Labouring-Beasts.

Jumenta.

Chapter 28

The Ass, 1.
and the Mule, 2.
carry burthens.
Asinus, 1.
& Mulus, 2.
gestant Onera.
The Horse, 3.
(which a Mane, 4. graceth)
carryeth us.
Equus, 3.
(quam Juba, 4. ornat)
gestat nos ipsos.
The Camel, 5.
carryeth the Merchant
with his Ware.
Camelus, 5.
gestat Mercatorem
cum mercibus suis.
35 The Elephant, 6.
draweth his meat to him
with his Trunk, 7.
Elephas, (Barrus) 6.
attrahit pabulum
Proboscide, 7.
He hath two Teeth, 8.
standing out,
and is able to carry
full thirty men.
Habet duos dentes, 8.
prominentes,
& potest portare
etiam triginta viros.

XXIX.

Wild-Cattle.

Feræ Pecudes.

Chapter 29

The Buff, 1.
and the Buffal, 2.
are wild Bulls.
Urus, 1.
& Bubalus, 2.
sunt feri Boves.
The Elke, 3.
being bigger than an Horse
(whose back is impenetrable)
hath knaggy horns
as also the Hart, 4.
Alces, 3.
major equo
(cujus tergus est impenetrabilis)
habet ramosa cornua:
ut & Cervus, 4.
but the Roe, 5. and
the Hind-calf, almost none.
Sed Caprea, 5. cum
Hinnulo, ferè nulla.
The Stone-back, 6.
huge great ones.
Capricornus, 6.
prægrandia;
The Wild-goat, 7.
hath very little ones,
by which she hangeth
her self on a Rock.
Rupicapra, 7.
minuta,
quibus suspendit
se ad rupem.
36 The Unicorn, 8.
hath but one,
but that a precious one.
Monoceros, 8.
habet unum,
sed pretiosum.
The Boar, 9.
assaileth one with his tushes.
Aper, 9.
grassatur dentibus.
The Hare, 10. is fearful. Lepus, 10. pavet.
The Cony, 11.
diggeth the Earth.
Cuniculus, 11.
perfodit terram
As also the Mole, 12.
which maketh hillocks.
Ut & Talpa, 12.
quæ facit grumos.

XXX.

Wild-Beasts.

Feræ Bestiæ.

Chapter 30

Wild Beasts have
sharp paws, and teeth,
and are flesh eaters.
Bestiæ habent
acutos ungues, & dentes,
suntque carnivoræ
As the Lyon, 1.
the King of four-footed Beasts,
having a mane;
with the Lioness.
Ut Leo, 1.
Rex quadrupedum,
jubatus;
cum Leænâ.
The spotted Panther, 2. Maculosus, Pardo
(Panthera) 2.
37 The Tyger, 3.
the cruellest of all.
Tygris, 3.
immanissima omnium.
The Shaggy Bear, 4. Villosus Ursus, 4.
The ravenous Wolf, 5. Rapax Lupus, 5.
The quick sighted Ounce, 6. Lynx, 6. visu pollens,
The tayled fox, 7.
the craftiest of all.
Caudata Vulpes, 7.
astutissima omnium.
The Hedge-hog, 8.
is prickly.
Erinaceus, 8.
est aculeatus.
The Badger, 9.
delighteth in holes.
Melis, 9.
gaudet latebris.

XXXI.

Serpents and Creeping things.

Serpentes & Reptilia.

Chapter 31

Snakes creep
by winding themselves;
Angues repunt
sinuando se;
The Adder, 1.
in the wood;
Coluber, 1.
in Sylvâ;
The Water-snake, 2.
in the water;
Natrix, (hydra) 2.
in Aquâ;
The Viper, 3.
amongst great stones.
Vipera, 3.
in saxis;
38 The Asp, 4. in the fields. Aspis, 4, in campis.
The Boa, (or Mild-snake) 5.
in Houses.
Boa, 5.
in Domibus.
The Slow-worm, 6.
is blind.
Cæcilia, 6.
est cœca.
The Lizzard, 7.
and the Salamander, 8.
(that liveth long in fire)
have feet.
Lacerta, 7.
Salamandra, 8.
(in igne vivax,)
habent pedes.
The Dragon, 9.
a winged Serpent,
killeth with his Breath.
Draco, 9.
Serpens alatus,
necat halitu.
The Basilisk, 10.
with his Eyes;
Basiliscus, 10.
Oculis;
And the Scorpion, 11.
with his poysonous tail.
Scorpio, 11.
venenatâ caudâ.

XXXII.

Crawling-Vermin.

Insecta repentia.

Chapter 32

Worms gnaw things. Vermes, rodunt res.
39 The Earth-worm, 1.
the Earth.
Lumbricus, 1.
terram.
The Caterpillar, 2.
the Plant.
Eruca, 2.
plantam.
The Grashopper, 3.
the Fruits.
Cicada, 3.
Fruges.
The Mite, 4. the Corn. Circulio, 4. Frumenta.
The Timber-worm, 5.
Wood.
Teredo, (cossis) 5.
Ligna.
The Moth, 6. a garment. Tinea, 6. vestem.
The Book-worm, 7.
a Book.
Blatta, 7.
Librum.
Maggots, 8.
Flesh and Cheese.
Termites, 8.
carnem & caseum.
Hand-worms, the Hair. Acari, Capillum.
The skipping Flea, 9.
the Lowse, 10.
and the stinking Wall-louse, 11.
bite us.
Saltans Pulex, 9.
Pediculus, 10.
fœtans Cimex, 11.
mordent nos.
The Tike, 12.
is a blood-sucker.
Ricinus, 12.
sanguisugus est.
The Silk-worm, 13.
maketh silk.
Bombyx, 13.
facit sericum.
The Pismire, 14.
is painful.
Formica, 14.
est laboriosa.
The Spider, 15.
weaveth a Cobweb,
nets for flies.
Aranea, 15.
texit Araneum,
retia muscis.
The Snail, 16.
carrieth about her Snail-horn.
Cochlea, 16.
circumfert testam.

40

XXXIII.

Creatures that live as well by Water as by Land.

Amphibia.

Chapter 33

Creatures that live
by land and by water, are
Viventia
in terrâ & aquâ, sunt
The Crocodile, 1.
a cruel and preying Beast
of the River Nilus;
Crocodilus, 1.
immanis & prædatrix bestia
Nili fluminis;
The Castor or Beaver, 2.
having feet like a Goose,
and a scaly tail to swim.
Castor, (Fiber) 2.
habens pedes anserinos
& squameam Caudam
ad natandum.
The Otter, 3. Lutra, 3.
The croaking Frog, 4.
with the Toad.
& coaxans Rana, 4.
cum Bufone.
The Tortoise, 5.
covered above and beneath
with shells,
as with a target.
Testudo, 5.
Operta & infra,
testis,
ceu scuto.

41

XXXIV.

River Fish and Pond Fish.

Pisces Fluviatiles & Lacustres.

Chapter 34

A Fish hath Fins, 1.
with which it swimmeth,
and Gills, 2.
by which it taketh breath,
and Prickles
instead of bones: besides
the Male hath a Milt,
and the Female a Row.
Piscis habet Pinnas, 1.
quibus natat;
& Branchias, 2.
quibus respirat;
& Spinas
loco ossium: præterea,
Mas Lactes,
Fœmina Ova.
Some have Scales
as the Carp, 3.
and the Luce or Pike, 4.
Quidam habent Squamas,
ut Carpio, 3.
Lucius, (Lupus) 4.
Some are sleek
as the Eel, 5.
and the Lamprey, 6.
Alii sunt glabri,
ut, Anguilla, 5.
Mustela, 6.
The Sturgeon, 7.
having a sharp snout,
groweth beyond
the length of a Man.
Accipenser (Sturio), 7.
mucronatus,
crescit ultra
longitudinem viri.
The Sheath-fish, 8.
42 having wide Cheeks,
is bigger than he:
Silurus, 8.
bucculentus,
major illo est:
But the greatest,
is the Huson, 9.
Sed maximus
Antaseus (Huso,) 9.
Minews, 10.
swimming by shoals,
are the least.
Apuæ, 10.
natantes gregatim,
sunt minutissimæ.
Others of this sort are
the Perch, the Bley,
the Barbel,
the Esch, the Trout,
the Gudgeon, and Trench, 11.
Alii hujus generis sunt
Perca, Alburnus,
Mullus, (Barbus)
Thymallus, Trutta,
Gobius, Tinca, 11.
The Crab-fish, 12.
is covered with a shell,
and it hath Claws, and crawleth
forwards and backwards.
Cancer, 12.
tegitur crusta,
habetque chelas, & graditur
porro & retrò.
The Horse-leech, 13.
sucketh blood.
Hirudo, 13.
sugit sanguinem.

XXXV.

Sea-fish, and Shell-fish.

Marini pisces & Conchæ.

Chapter 35

The Whale, 1. is the
greatest of the Sea-fish.
Balæna, (Cetus) 1.
maximus Piscium marinorum.
43 The Dolphin, 2.
the swiftest.
Delphinus, 2.
velocissimus.
The Scate, 3.
the most monstrous.
Raia, 3.
monstrosissimus.
Others are the Lamprel, 4.
the Salmon, or the Lax, 5.
Alii sunt Murænula, 4.
Salmo, (Esox) 5.
There are also fish that flie, 6. Dantur etiam volatiles, 6.
Add Herrings, 7.
which are brought pickled,
and Place, 8. and Cods, 9.
which are brought dry;
and the Sea monsters,
the Seal. 10.
and the Sea-horse, &c.
Adde Haleces, 7.
qui salsi,
& Passeres, 8. cum Asellis, 9.
qui adferuntur arefacti;
& monstra marina,
Phocam, 10.
Hippopotamum, &c.
Shell-fish, 11. have Shells. Concha, 11. habet testas,
The Oyster, 12.
affordeth sweet meat.
Ostrea, 12.
dat sapidam carnem.
The Purple-fish,
13. purple;
Murex, 13.
purpuram;
The others, Pearls, 14. Alii, 14. Margaritas.

 

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